Humans

15 really good things that are happening in the world right now


We don’t need to tell you world news is pretty grim right now – if you use social media, it’s nigh on impossible to avoid articles about bubbling permafrost, drug-resistant gonorrhoea, and deadly obesity treatments. And that’s just the science headlines.

But despite all the doom and gloom, in reality there are a whole bunch of incredible people doing really good things around the world right now. Sometimes they just don’t get as much press as they deserve.

 

So as a much-needed reminder that not everything is ruined, here are some of the awesome things happening in the world right now that you can talk about over dinner tonight (instead of global tension and nuclear weapons). You’re welcome.

1. Doctors have reversed a 2-year-old girl’s brain damage

Researchers in the US have reported what they believe is a first-of-its-kind reversal of brain damage on a two-year-old girl who drowned in a pool and was resuscitated after two hours of her heart not beating on its own.

The lack of oxygen to her brain had caused deep grey matter injury and cerebral atrophy, and the toddler could no longer speak, walk, or respond to voices – but would uncontrollably squirm around and shake her head.

Amazingly, thanks to a course of oxygen treatments – including hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) – administered by a team from LSU Health New Orleans and the University of North Dakota, doctors were able to significantly reverse the brain damage experienced by the toddler.

2. We’re finally getting close to achieving sustainable nuclear fusion

Nuclear fusion could be the key to producing almost-unlimited energy with few byproducts other than saltwater, but researchers have long struggled to create a machine that could sustainably control such a powerful reaction.

But that’s changing. At the end of 2015, Germany switched on a massive nuclear fusion reactor that’s since successfully been able to contain a scorching hot blob of hydrogen plasma.

 

They’re not the only ones, either, with South Korea and China both achieving record-breaking reactions in their own fusion machines. The UK has also switched on a revolutionary type of reactor that is now sustainably generating plasma within its core.

In fact, MIT scientists predict that thanks to all these new advances, we should be able to get fusion energy on the grid by 2030.

3. We can now ‘listen in’ to the Universe 

By now you’re probably very familiar with the huge gravitational wave breakthrough that happened in 2015. But what you might not know is that we’ve continued to detect at least two more gravitational waves since then.

And with a new space-based series of detectors known as LISA coming online by 2034, we’re going to soon be able to use them to test all kinds of crazy hypotheses – including the idea of multiple dimensions within our Universe.

4. We’re getting really close to eradicating the second disease from the planet

First, humans got rid of smallpox. Now we’re on the verge of wiping out the Guinea Worm parasite, which is a living nightmare that painfully erupts from people’s skin.

 

At the start of 2015 there were just 126 cases of Guinea Worm left on Earth, mostly thanks to an ingenious and cheap drinking straw filter that stops people from being contaminated via water. As of May this year, there were only five recorded cases.

5. And polio might not be far behind

 

Since the Global Polio Eradication Initiative launched in 1988, the global incidence of polio has decreased by 99.9 percent thanks to a vaccination push.

There were only 19 cases of wild polio virus reported globally in 2016, and so far in 2017 there have only been eight confirmed cases of the wild virus.

6. We’re closer than ever before to having a drug that can treat autism symptoms

A small, but promising clinical trial in the US showed this year that a 100-year-old drug called suramin can measurably improve the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children.

There’s a lot more work to be done, but it’s the first time we’ve been so close to having a drug that can potentially treat ASD symptoms. 

7. Scientists are working on a graphene-based sieve that turns seawater into drinking water

As if graphene wasn’t awesome enough, back in April researchers achieved a major turning point in the quest for efficient desalination by announcing the invention of a graphene-oxide membrane that sieves salt right out of seawater.

At this stage, the technique is still limited to the lab, but it’s a demonstration of how we could one day quickly and easily turn one of our most abundant resources, seawater, into one of our most scarce – clean drinking water.

8. You no longer need to pay ridiculous amounts to access peer-reviewed science research

The scientific community is fighting back against crazy paywalls, with a new study showing that more than a quarter of all scientific papers are now available free online thanks to the Unpaywall app.

9. Scientists think they might be able to reverse Alzheimer’s memory loss

Lost memories might not be gone forever. An enzyme that interferes with key memory-forming processes in people with Alzheimer’s can now be specifically targeted thanks to the discovery of a protein that helps it do its dirty work, according to new research out of MIT.

10. We just discovered a vitamin that could reduce the incidence of birth defects and miscarriages worldwide 

In what scientists are calling “the most important discovery for pregnant women since folate“, a 12-year study has revealed that women could avoid miscarriages and birth defects by simply taking vitamin B3 during pregnancy.

11. Researchers are finally beginning to understand how we can repair spinal cord injuries

There’s nothing simple about repairing spinal cord injuries. But new research has pinned down how one of the most cutting edge techniques works, and in particular how the body can repair itself with a little prompting from surgeons. 

By finally understanding how spinal cord injuries can heal, researchers will eventually be able to develop even more effective treatments that could potentially go as far as reversing paralysis and other nervous system damage.

12. Hyperloops are coming!!

The hyperloop transport system is a brain child of Elon Musk that promises to shuttle people in tube-contained pods between cities at crazy speeds of roughly 1,126 km/h (700 mph). That’s New York to Washington DC in around 29 minutes.

So far test hyperloops are being built in the US, the Netherlands, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic. The goal is to have a Hyperloop system between Amsterdam and Paris by 2021.

There’s even a (slightly crazy) proposal to turn the US/Mexico border wall into a giant hyperloop.

13. Scientists are fighting back against antibiotic resistance

The United Nations has declared antibiotic resistance a ‘fundamental threat‘ to global health, which some scientists predict could kill 10 million people annually by 2050. But we haven’t lost the battle yet.

At the start of this year, scientists announced the development of a molecule that reverses antibiotic resistance in multiple strains of bacteria at once, making it one of the most promising advances we’ve had to date in the fight against superbugs.

And Australian PhD student Shu Lam has the research community freaking out over a way to actually kill bacteria in the first place… without antibiotics. She’s developed a star-shaped polymer that can kill six different superbug strains without antibiotics, simply by ripping apart their cell walls.

14. NASA has released all its research to the public for free

Last year, NASA announced that any published research funded by the space agency will now be available at no cost, launching a new public web portal that anybody can access.

The free online archive comes in response to a new NASA policy, which requires that any NASA-funded research articles in peer-reviewed journals be publicly accessible within one year of publication.

And last but definitely not least…

15. Scientists recently classified a brand new type of aurora… and they named it Steve.

Steve the proton aurora is really the feel-good story of 2017.

The new astronomical phenomenon looks like a ribbon of flickering light, and has been spotted in the high latitudes of the northern hemisphere.

Check out below how awesome Steve looks in all his glory. See? Life isn’t all bad.

Credit: ESA/Dave Markel

 

 



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